Home » Dosar Lenin »Global / Europa »Politica & Doctrine » Citesti:

ADN bolsevic: Despre Ruth Fischer (1895-1961)

Vladimir Tismaneanu decembrie 15, 2015 Dosar Lenin, Global / Europa, Politica & Doctrine
2 comentarii 965 Vizualizari

Arthur Koestler writes about her in his memoirs. Born in December 1895, she came from a distinguished Viennese Jewish family. Her father was a university professor. She was well-educated, fell in love with the Messianic dream of a world revolutionary redemption. In the early 1920s, Elfriede Eisler joined the Austrian Communist Party with card number 1. The she became Ruth Fischer, moved to Berlin and, together with her partner Arkadi Maslow, tried to carry out Stalin’s plans for a German revolution. More precisely, they failed catastrophically. In 1926, prompted by Stalin and his pointman on Germany, Karl Radek, Fischer and Maslow attempted the insurrectionary tactic. In his “Memoirs oif a Revolutionary,” Victor Serge wrote: “Ruth Fischer, Arkadi Maslow, Heinz Neumann and Arthur Rosenberg believe that their hour had come.” After his expulsion, Arthur Rosenberg wrote a remarkable history of Bolshevism.

The Comintern singled them out as culpable for the disaster. Heinz Neumann joined the Ernst Thalmann faction and became, in the early 1930s, the head of the KPF parliamentary faction. He was married to Margarete Gross, ex-wife of Rafael Buber, philosopher Martin Buber’s son. Neumann was a Stalin favorite until the Great Terror. He was executed, like so many other German communist refugees, during the Great Terror. Margarete and Ruth knew each other quite well. Margarete’s sister, Babette, was married to Willy Munzenberg, the “red millionaire”…

Once they broke with the Stalintern, Fischer and Maslow became pariahs. Even after the divorce with the KPD and the Comintern, she continued to attack the Weimar Republic. For the Stalinists, she was a despicable renegade. For the Nazis, a Marxist Jewish enemy. For the liberals, an irresponsible critic of democratic institutions and values. As historian Jeffrey Herf once put it, at an hour when the Weimar Republic desperately needed friends, Ruth Fischer decided to attack it.

She had two brothers: Gerhard, a Stalinist propagandist, and Hans, an outstanding composer. Gerhard spent the war years in the US and was involved in espionage eactivities. Hanns emigrated to the US too and then returned to East Germany where he wrote the DDR’s anthem. Ruth was not a real theorist, but she knew very well the history of the radical Left in Germany. During the early years of the Cold War she wrote a book destined to become a classic: “Stalin and German Communism.” She testified against former comrades in front of the House Un-American Activities Committee. In private correspondence, she referred to Gerhard and Hanns as “ex-brothers.” Her son was horribly tortured by the Gestapo.

Hannah Arendt disparagingly mentioned her obnoxious remark about Luxemburgism as a syphillis within the German revolutionary movement. She was no Rosa. By the end of her life, she was enthused with Khrushchev de-Stalinization. She died convinced that a non-Stalinist socialism had a future. She never fully broke with Bolshevism and never fully accepted liberal democracy.

Ai informatii despre tema de mai sus? Poti contribui la o mai buna intelegere a subiectului? Scrie articolul tau si trimite-l la editor[at]contributors.ro

Citeste mai multe despre: , , , , , , , , , , , ,



Currently there are "2 comments" on this Article:

  1. Yossef Abraham spune:

    Excelent, domnule Tismaneanu.
    Si inspaimantator.
    Comunistii germani, supunandu-se orbeste ordinelor Moscovei (vedeti teoriile lui Suvorov), l-au adus la putere pe cel mai amarnic dusman al lor.
    Asa voia tatucul.
    Destinul celor ramasi fideli Moscovei n-a fost mai bun (Neumann). Ei s-au refugiat la Moscova, unde au fost executati, iar cei care au fost incarcerati si trimisi in Gulag au fost, in 1939, predati lui Hitler, putand astfel sa se bucure de avantajele ambelor sisteme concentrationare, comunist si nazist.

  2. boris marian spune:

    Foarte trist, cunosc destui care au gândit astfel, comunismul a fost, este și va fi în continuare o religie, cu zeii lui, Marx, Engels, eventual Lenin, nu Stalin, deși Lenin nu părea mai bun, nici Marx nu era niciodată un iubitor de oameni. O religie nu poate fi combătută cu argumente logice sau argumente istorice. Oricum istoria lui Ruth Fischer este exemplară pentru „ORBIREA” unor sinceri aderenți ai religiei marxiste. Ne întrebăm , care dintre religiile din ultimele secole a dispărut? NICIUNA. Sunt curios cum va evolua și religia comunismului.



Comenteaza:







Do NOT fill this !

Autor

Vladimir Tismaneanu


Vladimir Tismaneanu

Vladimir Tismaneanu locuieste la Washington, este profesor de stiinte politice la Universitatea Maryland. Este autorul a numeroase carti intre care "The Devil in History: Communism... Citeste mai departe


MIHAI MACI – Cel de-al doilea volum din Colectia Contributors.ro

"Atunci când abdică de la menirea ei, școala nu e o simplă instituție inerțială, ci una deformatoare. Și nu deformează doar spatele copiilor, ci, în primul rând, sufletele lor. Elevul care învață că poate obține note mari cu referate de pe internet e adultul de mâine care va plagia fără remușcări, cel care-și copiază temele în pauză va alege întotdeauna scurtătura, iar cel care promovează cu intervenții va ști că la baza reușitei stă nu cunoașterea, ci cunoștințele. Luate indi­vidual, lucrurile acestea pot părea mărunte, însă cumulate, ele dau măsura deformării lumii în care trăim și aruncă o umbră grea asupra viitorului pe care ni-l dorim altfel." - Mihai Maci

E randul tau

cu ani in urma un prieten cambodgian mi-a povestit cum a fost omorat pe taica-sau pe vremea khmerilo...

de: r2

la "Ce-ar fi să vorbim cu-adevărat corect politic despre Fidel Castro?"

Cauta articole

decembrie 2016
Lu Ma Mi Jo Vi Du
« Noi    
 1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031  

Valentin Naumescu – Marile schimbari. Crize si perspective in politica internationala. Editie bibliofila

contributors.ro

Contributors.ro este intr-o permanenta cautare de autori care pot da valoare adaugata dezbaterii publice. Semnaturile noi sunt binevenite cata vreme respecta regulile de baza ale site-ului. Incurajam dezbaterea relaxata, bazata pe forta argumentelor.
Contact: editor[at]contributors.ro

(An essay by Vladimir Tismaneanu and Marius Stan)